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Curriculum in special education schools

The curriculum of special education schools is tailored to support children with moderate to severe special educational needs. Learn about the types of curriculum and which option can be more beneficial to your child.


Find out about the programmes and support that the special education schools offer through their open houses. Learn about the schedule and how to sign up.

Special Education (SPED) Curriculum Framework

Introduced in 2012, the SPED Curriculum Framework of Living, Learning and Working in the 21st century sets a common direction for excellence in teaching and learning while providing flexibility and space for SPED schools to customise their curriculum to meet the unique needs of their diverse student profiles.

The framework articluates the vision of ‘Active in the community, Valued in the society' for special education, and the education outcomes of ‘living, learning and working'. The are 6 core learning domains:

  • Academic
  • Daily living
  • Physical education and sports
  • Social-emotional
  • The arts
  • Vocational

The framework also affirms the importance of Character and Citizenship Education (CCE) as the foundation for a values-based special education, and the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an enabler for teaching and learning.

Download the framework (93kb).

Types of curriculum

There are 2 types of curriculum that children with moderate to severe special educational needs can take:

  • National
  • Customised

National curriculum

Children with special needs can take the national curriculum at selected special education (SPED) schools if they have been assessed to have:

  • Adequate cognitive skills, such as reasoning, working and long-term memory, to learn the national curriculum.
  • Adaptive skills, such as communication, social skills, that require additional specialised support.

As compared to class sizes in mainstream primary schools, these children will be in smaller class sizes to better meet their additional needs and will receive support in practical skills such as daily living skills and social-emotional skills.

After successfully completing the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), your child can choose to study in a mainstream secondary school. The choice of secondary school will depend on your child's PSLE results.

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder can choose to take the national secondary curriculum at Pathlight School.

Some children's needs may be best supported in designated secondary schools. Learn more about support in mainstream schools.

Customised curriculum

Special education schools generally offer customised curriculum aimed at providing a child-centred, holistic learning experience for children with special needs.

The curriculum is intended to develop students' potential and equip them with essential knowledge and life skills through key learning areas in as mentioned in the SPED Curriculum Framework.